Sri Maha Ganesha Pancharatnam and meaning

Sri Maha Ganesha Pancharatnam

Composer: Sri Adi Sankara Baghvad Pada (8th century)

Ragamalika Tala: Adi in thisranadai (8 beats in units of 3)

Ganesha is the God of wisdom. He is worshipped before the beginning of any endeavor. He gives the necessary skill (buddhi) to do the task and bestows success (siddhi) to the effort. Upon intent meditation, the form of Ganesha symbolically reveals many noble truths. The trunk of an elephant, which can carry heavy logs of wood as well as pick up a thin blade of grass, represents the subtle discrimination we need to distinguish between the real and the illusory. The little mouse he rides on represents our own ego, which should be a small but efficient vehicle to take us around in the world, but should be

inconspicuous and subservient to wisdom. Ganesha’s form is revered as the very personification of the symbol “Om” the representation of the universal spirit.

1. Mudakaraatha Modakam Sada Vimukti Saadhakam

Kalaadharaavatamsakam Vilasiloka Rakshakam

Anaaya Kaika Naayakam Vinasitebha Daityakam

Nataasubhasu Naashakam Namaami Tham Vinaayakam.

Ganesha, the pleasant faced one holding the sweet ‘modakam’ in his hand,

He wears the crescent moon on his head. He liberates us from misery,

protects and provides direction to those who are lost without a leader. He

removes the obstacles for those who pray to him. My salutations are to Him!

2. Natetaraati Bheekaram Navoditaarka Bhaasvaram

Namat Suraari Nirjanam Nataadhi Kaapa Duddharam

Suresvaram Nidheesvaram Gajesvaram Ganeshvaram

Mahesvaram Samaasraye Paraatparam Nirantaram.

Ganesha, with the orange glow of the rising sun, is the commander of Lord

Shiva’s army. He removes the suffering of his devotees.

I seek refuge in Him!

3. Samasta Loka Samkaram Nirasta Daitya Kunjaram

Daredarodaram Varam Vare Bhavaktra Maksharam

Krupaakaram Kshamaakaram Mudaakaram Yasaskaram

Manaskaram Namaskrutaam Namaskaromi Bhaasvaram.

Ganesha brings peace to the entire world.

He is large, infinite, superior and immutable. He is merciful and forgiving.

He brings happiness, success and purity of mind.

My salutations are to Ganesha, the luminous.

4. Akimchanaarti Marjanam Chirantanokti Bhaajanam

Puraari Poorva Nandanam Suraari Garva Charvanam

Prapancha Naasha Bheeshanam Dhananjayaadi Bhushanam

Kapola Daana Vaaranam Bhajaey Puraana Vaaranam.

Ganesha, the merciful, who removes the suffering of those who have no other

refuge, destroys the demonic forces and negative tendencies in us. He dissolves

the delusions of this illusory world.

I pray to Him the one venerated in the ancient Vedas!

5. Nitaantikaanta Dantakaanti Mantakaanta Kaatmajam

Achintya Rupa Mantaheena Mantaraaya Krintanam

Hrudantarey Nirantaram Vasantameva Yoginam

Tameka Danta Meva Tam Vichintayaami Santatam.

Ganesha, the one with the broken tusk, the son of Lord Shiva, he is the formless

absolute (his form is beyond the grasp of the intellect), he is infinite, he is the

Remover of Obstacles, he lives in the hearts of yogis forever and ever.

I reflect solely upon Ganesha, forever and ever.

AADITYA HRUDAYAM

AADITYA HRUDAYAM

1. Tato Yudddha Parisraantam Samarey Chintayaa Sthitam
Raavanam Cha Agrato Dhrushtva Yuddhaaya Samupa Sthitam

An exhausted Rama after a battle and about to face Raavana,ready for another battle,was lost in deep contemplation.

2. Daivataischa Samaagamya Dhrastum Abyaagato Ranam
Upaagamya Abraveet Raamam Agastyo Bhagavaan Rishihi

Sage Agastya who had accompanied the Deities to witness the battle,spoke thus to Rama.
3. Rama Rama Mahaabaaho Srunu Guhyam Sanaatanam
Yena Sarvaan Areen Vatsa Samarey Vijayishyasi

Oh! Rama the mighty-armed,my dear Vatsa,listen to this eternal secret which will help you to win over and destroy all your enemies in battle.

4. Aaditya Hrudayam Punyam Sarva Satru Vinaasanam
Jayaavaham Japet Nityam Akshayyam Paramam Sivam

Chanting daily this hymn dedicated to Sun, will bring you victory and result in the destruction of all your enemies in addition to giving unending supreme bliss.

5. Sarva Mangala Maangalyam Sarva Paapa Pranaasanam
Chintaa Soka Prasamanam Aayur Vardhanam Uthamam

This supreme hymn assures full prosperity and is the destroyer of sins,anxieties,and anguishes and bestows longevity.

6. Rasmimantam Samudyantam Devaasura Namaskrutam
Poojayasva Vivaswantam Bhaaskaram Bhuvaneswaram

Worship the one revered by Devas and Asuraas and who possesses rays when fully risen,who is the lord of the universe by whose effulgence everything else brightens.

7. Sarva Devaatmako Hyesha Tejaswee Rasmi Bhaavanaha
Yesha Devaasura Ganaan Lokaan Paati Gabhastibhihi

Representing the totality of all celestial beings,HE s self luminous and gives sustinence to all with his rays.HE not only nourishes Devas and Asurance but all the inhabitants of alll the words as well.

8. Yesha Brahma Cha Vishnuscha Sivaha Skandaha Prajapati
Mahendro Dhandaha Kaalo Yamaha Somo Hypaam Patihi

HE is Brahma,Vishnu,Siva,Skanda and Prajaapati.HE is also Mahendra,Kubera,Kaala,Yama

,Soma and Varuna.

9. Pitaro Vasavaha Saadhyaha Hyashvino Maruto Manuhu
Vaayur Vanhihi Prajaa Praana Ritukarta Divaakaraha

HE is the Pitrus,Vasus,Saadhyaas,Aswini devataas,Maruts,Manu,Vaayu,Agni,and Praana.As HE is the source of all light and energy,HE is the maker of all seasons.

10. Aaditya Savitaa Suryaha Khaga Pooshaa Ghabastimaan
Suvarna Sadruso Bhaanuhu Hiranyareta Divaakaraha

Creator of the universe,inspirer of action,transferer of the heavens,HE is the sustainer and illuminator in all directions,golden haired briloliance and is the maker of the day

11. Haridaswaha Sahasraarchihi Sapta Saptir Mareechimaan
Timiro Madhanaha Sambhuhu Tvashtaa Maartaanda Amsumaan

HE is the ompnipotent/omnipresent pervading all with countless rays.HE is the power behind the seven sense organs,dispeller of darkness,bestower of happiness and prosperity as also remover of misfortunes and infuser of life.

12. Hiranyagarbhaha Sisiraha Tapano Bhaaskaro Ravihi
Agnigarbho Diteha Putraha Sankhaha Sisira Naasanaha

He is the teacher of Hiranyagarbha,prime ordial being manifesting as the Trinity,ushers in the day and has a vast and supreme felicity

13. Vyomanaadhaha Tamo Bedhee Rig Yajuhu Saama Paaragaha
Ghanavrishtihi Apaam Mitro Vindhyaveedhi Plavangamaha

HE is the remover of dullness,Lord of the firmament,dispeller of darkness,master of all the vedas,friend of the waters,causes rains and has crossed the Vindya range and sports in the Brahma naadi

14. Aaatapee Mandalee Mrityuhu Pingalaha Sarva Taapanaha
Kapirviswo Mahaa Tejaaha Raktaha Sarva Bhavotbhavaha

Yellow coloured and circular in form,HE is intensely absorbed and inflicts death. Destroyer of all,omniscient,exceedingly energetic and sustains the universe and all action.

15. Nakshatra Graha Taaraanam Adhipo Viswa Bhaavanaha
Tejasaam Api Tejasvee Dvadasaatman Namostu Tey

Lord of all planets and stars,origin of everything in the universe,cause of lustre of even the brilliant ones,prostrations to the one manifest in the twelve forms of the sun

16. Namaha Poorvaaya Girayey Paschimaadrayey Namaha
Jyotirganaanam Patayey Dinaadhipatayey Namaha

Prostrations to the Eastern and Western mountain,to the lord of the stellar bodies and lord of the day
17. Jayaaya Jaya Bhadraaya Haryasvaaya Namo Namaha
Namo Namaha Sahasraamso Aadityaaya Namo Namaha

Prostrations to the One who ordains victory and the prosperity that follows.Prostrations to Aaditya,possessor of yellow steeds and thousands of raya

18. Nama Ugraaya Veeryaaya Saarangaaya Namo Namaha
Namaha Padma Prabhodaaya Maarthaandaaya Namo Namaha

Prostrations to one who travels fast,one whose emergence makes the lotus blossom and to the fierce and omnipotent

19. Brahmesaanaachyutesaaya Sooryayaaditya Varchasey
Bhaasvatey Sarava Bhakshaaya Roudraaya Vapushey Namaha

Prostrations to the lord of Brahma,Vishnu and Achyuta. Prostrations to the one with the form as fierce as Rudra,powerful,illuminator and destroyer

20. Tamoghnaaya Himagnaaya Satrughnaayaamitaatmaney
KrutagnaayaDevaaya Jyotishaam Patayey Namaha

Prostrations to the dispeller of darkness,the transcendantal aatman,who destroys all foes and drives away fear.Prostrations to lord of all stellar bodies and annihilator of the ungrateful

21. Tapta Chaamee Karaabhaaya Vahnayey Viswakarmaney
Namaha Tamobhinighnaaya Ruchayey Loka Saakshiney

Prostrations to the lord who shines like molten gold,and is the fire of supreme knowledge,architect of the universe,destroyer of darkness. Prostrations again to the effulgence that is the cosmic witness

22. Naasayatyesha Vai Bhootam Tadeva Srujati Prabhuhu
Paayatyesha Tapatyesha Varshatyesha Gabhastibhihi

Prostrations to the Lord who destroys and recreates everything. Prostrations to HIM whose rays consume waters and sends them as rains after heating up

23, Yesha Supteshu Jaagarti Bhooteshu Parinishtitaha
Yesha Evaagnihotram Cha Phalam Chaivaagnihotrinaam

Prostrations to HIM who is awake when other eings are asleep and who abides in the hearts of all. HE is the sacrificial fire and the fruit enjoyed by devotees

24. Vedaascha Kratavaschaiva Kratoonaam Phalameva Cha
Yaani Krutyaani Lokeshu Sarva Yesha Ravihi Prabhuhu

HE is the lord of all action in the universe,HE is the vedas,sacrifices mentioned in them and the fruits obtained by performing sacrifices

PHALASRUTI;
25. Yenamaapatsu Kruchreshu Kaantaareshu Bhayeshu Cha
Keertayan Purushaha Kaschin Naavaseedati Raghava

O! Raghava those who recite this hymn in times of danger,affliction or when lost in the wilderness or have apprehensions,they will not lose heart.

26. Poojayaswainam Yekaagro Devadevam Jagatpatim
Yetad Trigunitam Japtva Yuddeshu Vijayishyasi

O! Raghava worship with single minded devotion this lord of all deities and the universe. Recite this hymn thrice you will win the battle.

27. Asmin Kshaney Mahaabaaho Ravanam Tvam Vadhishyasi
Yevam Uktva Tadaagastyo Jagaama Cha Yadhaagatam

O! mighty armed one this moment you will triumph over Ravana.Having spoken thus Agastya returned the same way he had come.

28. Yetacchrutva Mahaatejo Nashtasoko Bhavat Tadaa
Dhaarayaamaasa Supreeto Raghavaha Prayataatmavaan

Listening to this,Raghava was pleased and felt relieved of worries.

29. Aadityam Prekshya Japtva Tu Param Harsham Avaaptavaan
Triraachamya Suchirhootva Dhanuraadaaya Veeryavan

Rama cleansed himself doing aachamana three times and chanted this hymn three times looking at the sun and took up his bow and arrow.

30. Ravanam Prekshya Hrushtaatma Yuddhaaya Samupaagamat
Sarva Yatnena Mahata Vadho Tasya Dhruto Bhavat

Seeing Ravana ready for battle,Rama put forth all his effot with a determination to destroy Ravana

31. Adha Raviravadan Nireekshya Ramam
Mudita Manaaha Paramam Prahrushyamaanaha
Nisicharapati Samkshayam Viditva
Suraganam Adyagato Vachastvareti

Knowing that the destruction predators of the night was near,Aaditya who was at the center of the assembly of deities exclaimed in delight to hurry up. Lord Rama took up the bow in hs arms,seeing Ravana ready to fight,and put forth all his efforts to destroy Ravana
……………………..
PRAYER

Jayatu Jayatu Sooryam Sapta Lokaika Deepam
Kiranasamita Paapam Klesa Dukhasya Naasam
Arua Nigamagamyam Chaadimaaditya Moortim
Sakala Bhuvana Vandyam Bhaaskaram Tam Namaami

Sooryam Sundara Lokanaadham Amrutam Vedanta Saaram Sivam
Gnaanam Brahmamayam Suresam Amalam Lokaika Chittam Svayam
Indraaditya Naraadhipam Sura Gurum Trailokya Choodamanim
Vishnu Brahma Siva Svaroopa Hrudayam Vandey Sadaa Bhaaskaram
Bhaano Bhaaskara Maartaanda Chanda Rasmey Divaakara
Aayur Aarogyam Aisvaryam Vidyaam Dehi Namostutey

+The 12 names of Sun:
Mitran,Ravi,Sooryan,Bhaanu,Bhagan,Poosha,Hiranyagarbha,Mareechi,Aaditya,
Savita,Arkan,Bhaaskaran

Navagrahas – The Solar System

In Hindu religion and mythology, the nine planets occupy an important role. The planet deities are referred to as the NAVAGRAHA and they have a significant impact on the lives of individual and therefore a Hindu adorns these planets as deities, so that they may bring peace and harmony in their life and to avert any mishap. NAVA means nine. GRAHA means planet.

 

After the Trinity (Brahma, Vishnu, Siva) the Navagrahas have the maximum importance in Hindu Rituals. They are considered to play a major role in deciding the destiny of man. All the nine grahams (planets) viz Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Rahu (Snake’s head) and Ketu (Snake’s tail) give us pleasure and serenity and remove obstacles from our way. In astrology, great importance is placed on the positions of the various planets in the twelve constellations of the zodiac, the belt around the sky in which the movements of Sun, Moon and planets are confined. All astrology is totally based on the planetary movements and its effect on human beings.

 

The planets influence the outcomes of historical events of entire nations and the Earth. Each planet has its own mode of circumambulation – clockwise or anti-clockwise. Each planet faces a different direction. In religious rites, beetle nuts represent the planets and the priest invites each planet to be present there and witness and bless the puja.

 

Navagrahas the planet deities of which the first seven are Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn give names to the days of the week: Sunday to Saturday respectively. The other two Rahu (Ascending node) and Ketu (Descending node) are also fabled as planets, the former as a planet with a head and no body and the latter as a planet with a body and no head.

 

In addition to the nine planets, twenty seven nakshatras (constellations) through which the moon passes and twelve signs of zodiac of the sun, regarded as deities, are consulted at births, marriages and on al occasions of family rejoicing, distress or calamity. Shanti (Peace) propitiation ceremony is held to appease any unfavourable constellations.

 

Navagraha – the nine planets could be complimentary or inimical to an individual. The Navagraha could give harmony or misery to the individual as per its movements. One has to do Shanthis or Parikaras (propitiatory actions to counter the ill effects) for the particular planet (s) and its/their Lords (Gods); such direct appeals to the concerned planets and their Lords will give quick and timely results. The Navagraha Sthothram, given below, is so powerful, it appeals to all the planets and safeguards the reciter from any planetary ill effects.

 

Surya or Sun is the most powerful living God – whom everyone can see, perceive and pray. Though he is visible, he also has been presented in a variety of forms. Lord of this planet is God Siva

 

Chandra or Moon is a lovable God – Pleasing to the children as well as elders, universally appealing to everyone whatever may be the religion. Goddess Parvathi rules the planet.

 

Angaraka or Mars is regarded as a God of martial character, red in every aspect. Even the Romans held him as their Guru. He is the Son of Earth and is ruled by Lord Subramanya.

 

Budha or Mercury is considered as the greatest among the wise. This Devata bestows wisdom and wealth on his devotees. He is ruled by Lord Maha Vishnu.

 

Brihaspati is the Guru (Jupiter). He results in a cure from ailments and helps one to ward off his/her sins and gives strength, valour, longevity, etc. He grants the boon of fatherhood to the childless, good education (Vidya). He is ruled by Lord Dakshinamurthy.

 

Sukra or Venus is the bestower of long life, wealth, happiness, children, property and good education. He is ruled by Goddess Mahalakshmi.

 

Saniswara or Saturn is generally known to affect one adversely on occasions when he occupies certain positions in one’s horoscope. A prayer to him, especially on Saturdays, is said to mitigate the hardships one will have to face during these periods. Saniswara is considered equally a bestower of all benefits to the devotees who pray sincerely to him. He is ruled by Lord Yama.

 

Rahu is instrumental in strengthening one’s power and converting even an enemy into a friend. He is ruled by Goddess Durga.

 

Ketu brings prosperity to the devotee’s family. He grants good health, wealth, cattle and all around prosperity. He is ruled by Lord Ganesha and Indra.

 

Navagraha Shanthi or Parikaras

 

In all important Siva temples of South India, the Navagrahas (nine planets) are placed in a separate mandapa with a pediment of about three feet in height. Performing Navagraha Homam is very auspicious. Offerings like sesame seeds, rice or any of the “nine grains” that may be appropriate are also made. Lighting lamps with sesame oil or seeds on Saturdays is important to Sani. Thil rice and Paayasam are offered to Navagraha.

 

The planets which are inimical to an individual will give bad results during their Main Dasas (periods) or Antharas (sub-periods) or during their transits (Gochara). The aspects of life which generally receive such bad effects will be

 

(1) Those for which they are Karakas (governed by the planets),
(2) The aspects represented by the Bhavas which are owned by the planets, and
(3) Those represented by the Rasis (signs) which are resided in or aspected by them.

 

The planets also cause miseries or problems according to their Gochara (movements) results. Depending on which specific aspects of life are affected, one has to do Shanthis or Parikaras (propitiatory actions to counter the ill effects) for the particular planet(s) and its/their Lords. (Gods); this way of direct appeal to the concerned planets and their Lords will give quick and timely results.

 

Navagraha Places in Tamil Nadu:

 

1. Near Kumbakonam — Mars-Angaraka — Vaideeswaran Koil (4 Kms. from Mayiladuthurai on the Chidambaram Road).
2. Thiruvenkadu (10 Kms. Southeast of Sirkali) — Mercury-Budha
3. Keezhperumpallam (Near PoomPuhar. on Mayiladuthurai- PoomPuhar road). — Ketu (Descending node of Chandra)
4. Thirunallar — (on the way to Peralam- Karaikkal. 5 Kms. from Karaikkal) — Saturn-Sani
5. Kanjanur (An interior village on the Mayiladuthurai – Kathiramangalam Road) — Venus-Sukra
6. Suryanar Koil — (3 Kms. from Aduthurai which is on the Kumbakonam- Mayiladuthurai Road) — Sun-Surya
7. Thirunageswaram — (About 7 Kms. from Kumbakonam-Karaikkal Road) — Rahu (Ascending node of Chandra)
8. Thingalur — (1.5 Kms. from Thirupayhanam which is on the Kumbakonam-Thiruvayyaru Road) — Moon-Chandra
9. Alangudi — (About 15 Kms. from Kumbakonam on the way to NeedaMangalam) — Jupiter-Guru

 

Indian Astrology associates the following planets with the gods/goddesses as follows:

 

Sun: Lord Siva
Moon: Goddess Parvathi
Mars: Lord Karthikeya (Subramanya)
Mercury: MahaVishnu
Jupiter: Lord Dakshinamurthi
Venus: Mahalakshm
Saturn: Lord Yama
Rahu: Goddess Durga
Kethu: Lord Ganesa or Indra